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Abstract

The purpose of these lectures is to give a self-contained and structured account of recent measurement based models of quantum computing: Raussendorf and Briegel's one-way model based on 1-qubit measurements, and Nielsen's teleportation model based on 2-qubit measurements. We define in both cases a standardisation procedure, based on the measurement calculus, that lowers depth complexity and drives any pattern in a form where entanglement is done first, then measurements, then local corrections.