Universal Quantum Computation with Gaussian Continuous-Variable Cluster States

Date/Time: 9th November 2006 - ()

Speaker: Dr. Peter van Loock (NII)

A generalization of the cluster-state model of quantum computation to continuous-variable systems is described, along with a proposal for an optical implementation using squeezed-light sources, linear optics, and homodyne detection. For universal quantum computation, a truly nonlinear element is required. This requirement can be satisfied by adding to the toolbox any single-mode non-Gaussian measurement, while the initial cluster state itself remains Gaussian. We propose a systematic way on how to build any Gaussian cluster state most efficiently via a network of beam splitters. Various methods for suppressing finite-squeezing induced errors in cluster computation are discussed.